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  1. TOP
  2. The KNM Collection
  3. Masterpieces of the KNM
  4. Sculpture
  5. Processional Masks of the Twelve Devas

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梵天

梵天

帝釈天

帝釈天

火天

火天

日天

日天

風天

風天

自在天

自在天

毘沙門天

毘沙門天

*Click or tap image to enlarge.

梵天
帝釈天
火天
日天
風天
自在天
毘沙門天

Sculpture

Processional Masks of the Twelve Devas

基本情報

  • Colored paulownia and cypress wood
  • Height: 29.2 - 32.6 cm
  • Late-Heian Period (End of 10th Century)
  • Important Cultural Property
  • CK 18
  • Kyoto National Museum

This set of processional masks, formerly owned by Toji temple, is one of the oldest in Japan. The present seven, three made of paulownia wood and four of cypress, are considered to be remainders of nineteen masks rescued from the fire of 1000 A.D. that burnt down the treasure hall in Kyo'ogokokuji (the former name for Toji temple).

According to the inscriptions on the reverse side, the masks were repaired both in 1086 and in 1334 for use in a dedication ceremony for the new pagoda. The present coloring probably dates from 1334. The oval face of Bonten, with its gently swelling eyelids and cheeks, small, downcast eyes and diminutive mouth, has a dreamlike expression. Its style is quite typical of the end of the 10th Century, when the sculptor Kojo, father of Jocho (the master sculptor of the following century), was active.

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