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Buddhist Paintings

Enma-ten (Yama) (One of the Twelve Devas)

  • Hanging scroll, color and gold on silk
  • 144.4 x 126.5 cm
  • Late-Heian Period (Dated 1127)
  • National Treasure
  • AK 283

Enma-ten is one of the Twelve Devas that were made in 1127 to be hung at the annual, New Year's ceremony of esoteric prayers, held at Shingon-in in the Imperial Palace. They were formerly owned by Kyoogokoku-ji (To-ji) Temple.

The twelve devas are the guardians of the four quarters and four semi-quarters, up and down, and the sun and moon. Enma-ten guards the southern quarter. He holds his right hand up with the palm facing upwards. In his left hand, he holds a scepter crowned with a head.

Enma-ten has a compassionate expression. His decorative ornaments and jewelry are done entirely in gold and silver leaf.

Bishamon-ten Ishana-ten Taishaku-ten Ka-ten Enma-ten Rasetsu-ten Sui-ten Fu-ten Bon-ten Ji-ten Nitten Gatten

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